Olive oil is a fat obtained from the olive (the fruit of Olea europeae ,family Oleaceae) a traditional tree crop of the Mediterranean Basin.The oil is produced by crushing whole olives. It is commonly used in cooking, cosmetics, pharmaceuticals and soaps and as a fuel for traditional oil lamps. Olive oil is used throughout the world but especially in the Mediterranean countries and particular in Greece which has the highest consumption per person.
Omirus called olive oil “gold liquid” and Hippocrates “great therapist”.
Greeks were the first who grew the olive tree. During the Minoan period olive oil was the keystone of cretan economy as an exportable product. The transportation of olive oil would take place special amphoras. The mouth of which was sealed up with clay and stamped on with the producer’ s brand.
Olive oil is the most natural oil of all. Researches have proved that olive oil keeps the central nervous system in a good condition until old age. Specificaly researches in Corfu and Crete shows that people who consume only olive oil don’t die by heart diseases. This happens because olive oil doesn’t increase the blood cholesterol. While cooking , it is preferred to add olive oil in the end. While frying the temperature shouldn’t be 180 degrees so that the olive oil’ s nutrients won’ t be destroyed and it won ‘t be burnt.The same olive oil oil in frying can be used up to five times.
A tablespoon of olive oil has about 126 kcal. Every olive oil has the same calories
According to the last available official data (2010) the worldwide olive oil ‘s production is over 3.100.00 tones. The main oil producing countries take part in this production as follows (in tones) :